Churchill’s war rooms London

Andyb
Posts: 1007
Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2015 5:59 pm

Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Andyb » Thu Mar 22, 2018 7:20 pm

Been in London for a long weekend and managed to visit the war rooms where Churchill and his cabinet virtually lived and run the war , the museum is great for a visit . I have copied from the website and Wiki and will add my own pictures :thumbsup:

The Churchill War Rooms is a museum in London and one of the five branches of the Imperial War Museum. The museum comprises the Cabinet War Rooms, a historic underground complex that housed a British government command centre throughout the Second World War, and the Churchill Museum, a biographical museum exploring the life of British statesman Winston Churchill.

Churchill War Rooms
MapRoomCabinetWarRoomsTrim
The Map Room of the Cabinet War Rooms
Established
1984; 34 years ago
Location
King Charles Street
London, SW1
United Kingdom
Visitors
364,583 (2011)

Ranked 33rd nationally
Director
Phil Reed
Public transit access
London Underground Westminster
Website
Churchill War Rooms
Imperial War Museums
Churchill War Rooms HMS Belfast IWM Duxford IWM London IWM North
Construction of the Cabinet War Rooms, located beneath the Treasury building in the Whitehall area of Westminster, began in 1938. They became operational in August 1939, shortly before the outbreak of war in Europe. They remained


https://www.iwm.org.uk/visits/churchill-war-rooms

In 1936 the Air Ministry, the British government department responsible for the Royal Air Force, believed that in the event of war enemy aerial bombing of London would cause up to 200,000 casualties per week. British government commissions under Warren Fisher and Sir James Rae in 1937 and 1938 considered that key government offices should be dispersed from central London to the suburbs, and non-essential offices to the Midlands or North West. Pending this dispersal, in May 1938 Sir Hastings Ismay, then Deputy Secretary of the Committee of Imperial Defence, ordered an Office of Works survey of Whitehall to identify a suitable site for a temporary emergency government centre. The Office concluded the most suitable site was the basement of the New Public Offices, a government building located on the corner of Horse Guards Road and Great George Street, near Parliament Square. The building now accommodates HM Treasury.


The Great George Street face of the New Public Offices, the basement of which accommodates the Cabinet War Rooms.
Work to convert the basement of the New Public Offices began, under the supervision of Ismay and Sir Leslie Hollis, in June 1938. The work included installing communications and broadcasting equipment, sound-proofing, ventilation and reinforcement. Meanwhile, by the summer of 1938 the War Office, Admiralty and Air Ministry had developed the concept of a Central War Room that would facilitate discussion and decision-making between the Chiefs of Staff of the armed forces.

As ultimate authority lay with the civilian government the Cabinet, or a smaller War Cabinet, would require close access to senior military figures. This implied accommodation close to the armed forces' Central War Room. In May 1939 it was decided that the Cabinet would be housed within the Central War Room. In August 1939, with war imminent and protected government facilities in the suburbs not yet ready, the War Rooms became operational on 27 August 1939, only days before the invasion of Poland on 1 September, and Britain's declaration of war on Germany on 3 September.

Wartime use

During its operational life two of the Cabinet War Rooms were of particular importance. Once operational, the facility's Map Room was in constant use and manned around the clock by officers of the Royal Navy, British army and Royal Air Force. These officers were responsible for producing a daily intelligence summary for the King, Prime Minister and the military Chiefs of Staff.

The other key room was the Cabinet Room. Until the opening of the Battle of France, which began on 10 May 1940, Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's war cabinet met at the War Rooms only once, in October 1939. Following Winston Churchill's appointment as Prime Minister, Churchill visited the Cabinet Room in May 1940 and declared: 'This is the room from which I will direct the war'. In total 115 Cabinet meetings were held at the Cabinet War Rooms, the last on 28 March 1945, when the German V-weapon bombing campaign came to an end.


The Cabinet War Rooms office-bedroom of Brendan Bracken, Churchill's Minister of Information.
On 22 October 1940, during the Blitz bombing campaign against Britain, it was decided to increase the protection of the Cabinet War Rooms by the installation of a massive layer of concrete known as 'the Slab'. Up to 5 feet (1.5 metres) thick, the Slab was progressively extended and by spring 1941 the increased protection had enabled the Cabinet War Rooms to expand to three times their original size. While the usage of many of the War Rooms' individual rooms changed over the course of the war, the facility included dormitories for staff, private bedrooms for military officers and senior ministers, and rooms for typists or telephone switchboard operators.

Two other notable rooms include the Transatlantic Telephone Room and Churchill's office-bedroom. From 1943, a SIGSALY code-scrambling encrypted telephone was installed in the basement of Selfridges, Oxford Street connected to a similar terminal in the Pentagon building. This enabled Churchill to speak securely with American President Roosevelt in Washington, with the first conference taking place on 15 July 1943.


Later extensions were installed to both 10 Downing Street and the specially constructed Transatlantic Telephone Room within the Cabinet War Rooms. Churchill's office-bedroom included BBC broadcasting equipment; Churchill made four wartime broadcasts from the Cabinet War Rooms. Although the office room was also fitted out as a bedroom, Churchill rarely slept underground,[20] preferring to sleep at 10 Downing Street or the No.10 Annexe, a flat in the New Public Offices directly above the Cabinet War Rooms. His daughter Mary Soames often slept in the bedroom allocated to Mrs Churchill.

Andyb
Posts: 1007
Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2015 5:59 pm

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Andyb » Thu Mar 22, 2018 7:26 pm

20180316_150823.jpg


20180316_150923.jpg


20180316_151149.jpg


20180316_151235.jpg


20180316_151243.jpg
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Andyb
Posts: 1007
Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2015 5:59 pm

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Andyb » Thu Mar 22, 2018 7:30 pm

The bunkers were guarded by royal marines

20180316_151423.jpg


20180316_151450.jpg


20180316_151604.jpg


20180316_151614.jpg


20180316_151645.jpg
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Andyb
Posts: 1007
Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2015 5:59 pm

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Andyb » Thu Mar 22, 2018 7:34 pm

20180316_151709.jpg


20180316_151756.jpg


20180316_151832.jpg


20180316_151846.jpg


20180316_151943.jpg


20180316_152040.jpg
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Andyb
Posts: 1007
Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2015 5:59 pm

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Andyb » Thu Mar 22, 2018 7:36 pm

More pictures to follow :thumbsup:

Tailgunnerdownunder
Posts: 2585
Joined: Sat Dec 03, 2016 10:53 am
Location: NSW Australia

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Tailgunnerdownunder » Fri Mar 23, 2018 11:20 am

Really great stuff Andy :thumbsup: took me a while to read it all but read it all I did. Look forward to more. Regards Mark

Dave_Holden
Site Admin
Posts: 2323
Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2015 9:45 am
Location: Best kept secret in Europe!!

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Dave_Holden » Fri Mar 23, 2018 3:19 pm

Fantastic post Andy - thanks for thinking of the forum. I love those 2 photos of the Defence Committee - amazing stuff. Just think of the tension that must have been present during the debates in these rooms. I completed Churchills mammoth biography around a year ago - great read if you can stick with it to the end. The guy was a calculated ruthless leader and it was this that made all those around him perform to their ultimate abilities. Amongst many amazing things in the book was the fact that he actually enjoyed his time in the trenches of WW1. He was bored easily and any conflict in the world involving the British Empire, he wanted to be part of.

Thanks again Andy - superb post :thumbsup:

The Devils Bank
Posts: 2190
Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2015 2:58 pm
Location: Merseyside

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby The Devils Bank » Fri Mar 23, 2018 4:15 pm

Great pictures mate, the history that place holds is amazing. :thumbsup:

muckaroon1960
Posts: 861
Joined: Sun Aug 30, 2015 7:47 am

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby muckaroon1960 » Fri Mar 23, 2018 5:35 pm

Hi Andy, great place to visit full of history and atmosphere. Went there a few years ago on my birthday. I had to compromise with the wife so did the war rooms then the natural history museum. Got a picture of the main man's statue though.
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Andyb
Posts: 1007
Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2015 5:59 pm

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Andyb » Sat Mar 24, 2018 9:12 am

Thank you for all your comments and here are the rest of the photos :thumbsup:

20180316_151725.jpg


FA3BC565-7787-4914-8516-84A26E8FAC5E.jpeg


B61EDBD5-CBBD-4BD9-ADB2-B917E17CC01B.jpeg


20180316_153004.jpg


E99AB048-892A-40C4-8C0B-FA6049792FC9.jpeg


20180316_154306.jpg
20180316_161055.jpg
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Andyb
Posts: 1007
Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2015 5:59 pm

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Andyb » Sat Mar 24, 2018 9:26 am

The 1st picture is Churchill’s bedroom , and other photos include the typing office where shifts were worked so the typewriters were in constant use and the ladies were given sunlamps because they sometimes never saw daylight, and also the BBC radio room where Churchill could broadcast to the BBC and they could send it world wide

B8DA5024-30A0-4578-815D-2ED5C9A231EF.jpeg


B753ED83-D87C-4419-AEE7-DE05DAD35251.jpeg


17185B7A-2157-46AD-8888-99856FA7E626.jpeg


1E954E65-35BA-48F2-85F9-DDC393EB17AC.jpeg


E890B36E-0DDA-4E31-AB9C-0F927673B07B.jpeg


D68006DD-F8F4-418F-BDB0-B2FDB6DD94F6.jpeg
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Andyb
Posts: 1007
Joined: Mon Aug 24, 2015 5:59 pm

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Andyb » Sat Mar 24, 2018 9:34 am

Last lot :thumbsup:

25EE6101-C005-496F-8348-09D474E76F13.jpeg


66B5334B-35CD-4F10-A0D1-263FE4D7BA8E.jpeg


3F31B574-9AF2-4008-8DA2-5544D97522D3.jpeg


B7DE7C35-D237-427B-807E-682AE712F0CB.jpeg


636EE5D5-CD65-4560-8918-64531FC833E8.jpeg


48CF639D-305E-4D20-8F5C-ECE6A4E06955.jpeg
You do not have the required permissions to view the files attached to this post.

Tailgunnerdownunder
Posts: 2585
Joined: Sat Dec 03, 2016 10:53 am
Location: NSW Australia

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Tailgunnerdownunder » Sat Mar 24, 2018 10:06 am

Wonderful stuff Andy :thumbsup: much appreciated from a Broadsword member that may not get the opportunity to see this in person. I appreciate the work it takes to put this sort of presentation together not for yourself but for the benefit of others. :thumbsup:

Regards Mark.

Dave_Holden
Site Admin
Posts: 2323
Joined: Wed Aug 19, 2015 9:45 am
Location: Best kept secret in Europe!!

Re: Churchill’s war rooms London

Postby Dave_Holden » Sat Mar 24, 2018 10:46 am

Fantastic post Andy and yes a lot of work to put all this together. I must visit myself :thumbsup:

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest